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Tomasso de Vio (Cardinal) Cajetan

Cardinal Cajetan, baptized Giacomo de Vio, is best known for his interview of Luther at Augsburg in 1518, but he was also a prolific theologian in his own right who authored more than 150 works and would produce an influential—and … Continue reading

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Birth of Tomasso de Vio (Cardinal) Cajetan

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Luther meets with Cajetan at Augsburg

In the summer of 1518, legal proceedings in church courts began against Luther for his criticism of indulgences, as was standard procedure for clerics who were subject to ecclesiastical jurisdiction rather than civil jurisdiction. As a result, an order was … Continue reading

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Bull “Exsurge Domine” proclaimed in Rome

The bull threatening Luther with excommunication, Exsurge Domine (“Arise, O Lord”), was published on June 15, 1520. It represented the culmination of several precipitating factors. First, the initial charges against Luther demanding that he recant of his opinions in the … Continue reading

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