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Birth of Philipp of Hesse

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Philipp I, Landgrave of Hesse

If religious and political concerns were often inseparable during the Protestant Reformation, then they were borderline indistinct in the life and career of Philipp of Hesse. Known most prominently as the Landgrave of Hesse, or as Philipp the Magnanimous, he … Continue reading

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Johannes Oecolampadius

Johannes Oecolampadius occupied an important place in the Reformation at the intersection of northern humanism, Protestant theology, and the Reformed tradition. As a young humanist, he was an expert in the biblical languages and a colleague with the most prominent … Continue reading

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Birth of Faber Stapulensis

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Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples (Faber Stapulensis)

Along with Erasmus of Rotterdam and the Italian cardinal Gasparo Contarini, Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples is one of the more notable sixteenth-century humanist reformers that did not join the Protestant Reformation, but instead remained in communion with Rome. Like Erasmus and … Continue reading

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Martin Bucer

While not as recognizable as contemporaries Martin Luther, John Calvin, Ulrich Zwingli, or even Philipp Melanchthon, Martin Bucer’s influential role in the early Protestant Reformation may only stand behind that of Luther himself. As a parish pastor, reformer, diplomat, preacher, … Continue reading

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Birth of Martin Bucer

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Birth of Johannes Oecolampadius

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Religious Colloquies in Hagenau, Worms, and Regensburg

Religious division continued to plague Charles’ empire, but the threat of the Turkish armies on the eastern border of his lands forced him to act. He could not wait for the long expected council to convene and resolve the differences. … Continue reading

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